As if that wasn’t enough, I learned a lot about accessibility and progressive enhancement again, and discovered a slidedeck on how you can bypass CSP and why browsers can render elements with known boundaries as well as layout limitations incredibly faster than unknown. Are you ready? It's now your turn to learn all of this as well.
- These lovely flowcharts will help you decide which proper HTTP status code your application should respond with.
- WebPageTest is a great tool to test your website for performance issues. However, the tool can do much more than you possibly think. You can simulate a single point of failure (e.g. a 3rd party library timeout) with it, script logins for user-authenticated pages, and integrate it into your CI or run your own instance. Dean Hume has collected a couple of these tricks in his article.
- Jeremy Keith brings up a new point to the whole Service Worker and PWA debate: Currently, you can easily install a Service Worker via
iframewithout a user ever visiting the SW-site itself. Gladly, users who block third-party cookies and site data in their browser settings are safe but unfortunately this has huge potential to be abused by third-parties.
- Content Security Policy [CSP] has great features but also brings its very own issues and risks. Michele Spagnuolo and Lukas Weichselbaum present the most common problems, implementation mistakes, some bypasses and how to make CSP great again in their slide deck.
- PerfTool by the devbridge people is a great npm package to display statistics about your web pages, including Google PageSpeed Insights score, resources count, recommendations how to fix performance issues, HTML errors and many more in one custom web page.
HTML & SVG
- Sometimes designers oversimplify a form by removing the labels. The problem is that minimal does not always mean it’s simple — which is certainly the case for labels. Labels, in fact, are an essential part of designing easy-to-use forms.
- Heydon Pickering is writing a book about “Inclusive Design Patterns” and you can pre-order it now. I’ve been able to get some insights already and am quite impressed by the different angles on semantics, progressive enhancement and accessibility in the book and can recommend it if you’re even sightly interested in these topics.
- Heather Migliorisi wrote a huge compendium about creating accessible SVGs that you should definitely read if you use SVG files in your projects (and who doesn't it?).
- Daniel Reis published a few practical console tricks that help you debugging your applications a lot easier. And if you want to go further, logerr is an experimental error helper library that can give you many insights.
- The CSS layout composition is often quite slow in browsers due to unknown behavior of the elements. Now, if you have an element which, for example, has an
overflow: hiddenset already and is opaque, you can help the browser to render way faster by supplying a CSS containment information. A similar optimization to
will-changeand likely only a temporary thing that we hopefully won’t need to use for too long or at all.
- If you’re using
vwor other viewport units for element sizing, always bear in mind that viewport-unit sized elements are not user-zoomable. You can try on your own with this demo. An alternative could be to use
calc(1em + 0.25vw)or similar calculations that don’t entirely depend on viewport units and therefore are scalable.
- Firefox 49 arrives next week and with it, 6/8-digit alphatransparent-hex colors will be supported and therefore you should check your sites if you have any of such values by accident because they’ll suddenly be evaluated.